Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna - Centralny System Uwierzytelniania
Strona główna

Fluid Mechanics

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: WMTLYCSI-FM
Kod Erasmus / ISCED: (brak danych) / (brak danych)
Nazwa przedmiotu: Fluid Mechanics
Jednostka: Wydział Mechatroniki, Uzbrojenia i Lotnictwa
Grupy:
Punkty ECTS i inne: 4.00 Podstawowe informacje o zasadach przyporządkowania punktów ECTS:
  • roczny wymiar godzinowy nakładu pracy studenta konieczny do osiągnięcia zakładanych efektów uczenia się dla danego etapu studiów wynosi 1500-1800 h, co odpowiada 60 ECTS;
  • tygodniowy wymiar godzinowy nakładu pracy studenta wynosi 45 h;
  • 1 punkt ECTS odpowiada 25-30 godzinom pracy studenta potrzebnej do osiągnięcia zakładanych efektów uczenia się;
  • tygodniowy nakład pracy studenta konieczny do osiągnięcia zakładanych efektów uczenia się pozwala uzyskać 1,5 ECTS;
  • nakład pracy potrzebny do zaliczenia przedmiotu, któremu przypisano 3 ECTS, stanowi 10% semestralnego obciążenia studenta.
Język prowadzenia: angielski
Forma studiów:

stacjonarne

Rodzaj studiów:

I stopnia

Rodzaj przedmiotu:

obowiązkowy

Forma zajęć liczba godzin/rygor:

W 16/x ; C 28/+ ; L 16/+ razem: 60 godz., 4 pkt ECTS

Przedmioty wprowadzające:

Mathematics 2 and 3: knowledge of derivatives of functions, indeterminate and determinate integrals, partial derivatives, complete differential and direc-tional derivative, description of vector fields, differential equations, multiple integrals;

Physics 1: Knowledge of inertial and non-inertial systems, elements of kine-matics and dynamics;

Mechanics : Knowledge of equilibrium conditions of forces, progressive and rotational motion of a rigid body, displacement and deformation.


Programy:

semester four / aviation and aerospace

Autor:

dr hab. inż. Stanisław WRZESIEŃ, dr inż. Michał FRANT, dr inż. Maciej MAJCHER

Bilans ECTS:

Activity / student workload in hrs.

1. participation in lectures / 16

2. participation in laboratories / 16

3. participation in exercises / 28

4. participation in seminars / 0

5. independent study of the subject matter of lectures / 10

6. independent preparation for laboratories / 10

7. independent preparation for exercises / 10

8. independent preparation for seminars / 0

9. realization of the project / 0

10. participation in consultations / 26

11 Preparation for the exam / 2

12 Preparation for the pass / 0

13. participation in the exam / 2


Total student workload: 120 hrs / 4 ECTS

Classes with teachers (1+2+3+4+9+10+13): 90 hrs / 3 ECTS

Classes related to scientific activities 60 hrs / 2 ECTS


Skrócony opis:

The subject covers the classification of fluid models, elements of fluid kinematics, and basic equations of fluid mechanics along with elements of Newtonian fluid dynamics. Special cases of motion equations are considered in relation to practical applications, particularly elements of ideal fluid statics and dynamics. Key aspects of flow, such as boundary layer phenomena, frictional resistance, and pressure resistance in total resistance, as well as wave phenomena influenced by compressibility, are discussed. The topic of isentropic flows and relationships between total and static parameters for compressible flow are explored, along with the explanation of critical parameters. Contemporary research methods in fluid dynamics are also covered. All knowledge topics aimed at achieving educational outcomes related to the aviation and astronautics field are supplemented with practical exercises, including a large number of group exercises and laboratory classes.

Pełny opis:

Lecture / verbal-visual method using modern multimedia techniques (presentations with elements of animation, illustrations, and diagrams of exemplary solutions). Providing content for independent study to consolidate knowledge specified by outcomes W1, W2, W3, and W4.

1. The subject of fluid mechanics and basic issues of fluid mechanics. Properties of fluids. Forces acting in fluids, stress tensor./2

The fluidity and continuity features in reference to two states of matter called liquids and gases. Fundamental differences in the behavior of these two states of matter, key parameters describing the state of a fluid. Methods of describing the state of a fluid, classification of flow regimes. The use of the Hamiltonian operator, called nabla, in fluid mechanics, the concept of material (substantial) derivative, physical meaning of local and convective derivatives in describing the state of a fluid.

Basic properties of fluids including weight, density, compressibility, expansivity, special cases of fluid density fields. Effects of compressibility of fluid. Newton's friction hypothesis concerning so-called Newtonian fluids, boundary layer and velocity distribution in the boundary layer. Fluid models as simplified representations of real fluid, flow (or flow) cases. Mass and surface forces in fluids, stress tensor and its components.

2. Methods of fluid flow analysis, classification of physical quantity fields of flows. Vortical and irrotational (potential) velocity fields. Velocity circulation./2

Tasks of fluid kinematics. Pathline, streamline, and streakline of fluid element, two types of vortical motion. Flow rate (flow rate). Fluid mechanics issues considered assuming that the flows under study are irrotational, the concept of velocity potential. Velocity circulation - Stokes' theorem, the phenomenon of lift force generation on a profile due to non-zero circulation around the profile.

3. Local motion of fluid element, velocity deformation of fluid element. Basic equations of fluid mechanics/2

Fluid surface, fluid volume, and control volume. Fluid motion compared to rigid body motion. The concept of so-called local fluid motion, Helmholtz's theorems and their kinematic interpretation (translational motion, rotational motion, and deformation motion). Velocity deformation tensor, two components of deformation motion and its forms for compressible and incompressible media. Three fundamental conservation principles in mechanics: conservation of mass, conservation of momentum (angular momentum), and conservation of energy.

4. Dynamics of viscous Newtonian fluids. Navier-Stokes equation (N-S). Boundary layer, boundary layer separation. Flow similarities./2

Properties of Newtonian fluids, general relationship between stress tensor components and deformation velocity tensor components for such fluids. Vector and scalar Navier-Stokes equations, analysis of individual terms constituting the above equations. Reduction of N-S equations to dimensionless form, physical meaning of so-called dimensionless numbers, which are ratios of relevant characteristic unit forces. General principle of physical similarity of two phenomena applied to similar flows. Criteria for geometric, kinematic, and dynamic similarity of two flows. Complete and partial similarity of two flows. Laminar and turbulent boundary layers - general issues. Transition from laminar boundary layer to turbulent, boundary layer separation and its consequences.

5. Friction resistance and pressure resistance, "well" and "poorly" streamlined bodies. Resultant forces acting on streamlined body - coefficients of aerodynamic forces and moments./2

General remarks on two very important different cases of flow from a technical point of view - the case of external flow (often called flow) and the case of internal flow (shortly called flow). Introduction to fluid mechanics sections dealing with flows (flows) of air (gas) or liquids and determining forces in such flows (flows). Division of the scope of issues of determining resultant forces acting on streamlined body taking into account two important fluid characteristics, namely compressibility (ρ = const or ρ ≠ const) and viscosity (μ = 0 or μ ≠ 0). Aerodynamic force and moment, dimensionless coefficients of forces and moments. Effects of streamlining. General issues of reactions exerted by fluid on channel walls.

6. Fluid statics, hydrostatic pressure, statics of the Earth's atmosphere. Dynamics of ideal fluid./2

Lagrange’a-Cauchy’ego Equation of fluid and gas equilibrium in the case of relative fluid rest, fundamental differential equation of fluid statics in the form of total differentials. Special cases, solutions for incompressible media. Hydrostatic pressure and buoyancy, physical foundations of pressure measurement. Equilibrium of the Earth's atmosphere, atmosphere with a linear temperature decrease, concept and application of a standard atmosphere. Solutions of the basic differential equation of fluid statics for compressible media. Stagnation point, concept of stagnation pressure, dynamic and static pressure in the flow around objects. Equations of motion of an ideal fluid, discussion of areas of application of such a fluid model. First integrals of equations of motion of an ideal fluid: the integral known as Bernoulli's equation and the Lagrange's-Cauchy integral. Three forms of the integral (Bernoulli's equations) for practical applications in the case of incompressible fluid flow, the form of the integral in the case of compressible fluid flow. Technical applications of Bernoulli's integral, applicability ranges of Bernoulli's equation and Lagrange's-Cauchy integral.

7. Wave phenomena in gas dynamics, influence of gas compressibility/2

Introduction to gas dynamics, fundamental differences in the system of equations from the analogous system for ideal fluids. Propagation of small disturbance waves (acoustic waves) for various gas flow velocities. Ranges of gas flow velocities, concept of critical Mach number, shock wave understood as the effect of accumulation of small disturbances of gas parameters. Influence of gas compressibility, discussion of the equation providing information on relative density changes depending on relative velocity changes and the value of the Mach number of the flow. Influence of liquid compressibility in unsteady flows in pipelines, hydraulic shock.

8. Basic relationships between gas parameters in isentropic flow. Contemporary research methods in fluid dynamics/2

Isentropic processes - Poisson's adiabat and the equation of isentropic process in fluid mechanics. Flows of compressible, inviscid fluids whose parameters satisfy the Euler's equation of motion, and in particular also Bernoulli's equation. Total energy of gas expressed by total enthalpy, formulas determining total parameters for compressible gas in relation to incompressible gas flow. Critical parameters in gas dynamics and thermodynamics, maximum gas outflow velocity. Differences between Bernoulli's equation for compressible and incompressible flow. Latest trends in fluid dynamics. Advantages and limitations of contemporary experimental and numerical methods. General characteristics of numerical solving of differential equations. Role of numerical methods in solving flow and fluid dynamics problems. Areas of applicability of numerical methods. Demand for computational power.

Ćwiczenia / metoda werbalno-praktyczna polegająca na grupowym rozwiązywaniu zadań i zagadnień problemowych w celu utrwalenia wiedzy określonej efektami W1, W2, W3, W4 i opanowania umiejętności U1, U2 i U3.

Exercises / verbal-practical method involving group problem-solving tasks and issues to consolidate knowledge specified by outcomes W1, W2, W3, W4 and mastery of skills U1, U2, and U3.

1. Basic physical properties of fluids/2

Calculating fundamental fluid properties - mass, density, coefficient of thermal expansion, compressibility coefficient.

2. Kinematics of two-dimensional potential flows/2

Calculating streamlines and fluid element paths for given velocity fields. Application of stream function.

3. Analytical solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations/1

Calculating flow parameters using the momentum equation for selected special flow cases.

4. Applications of the Prandtl and Karman equations/1

Assumptions for deriving the Prandtl and Karman equations. Calculations of boundary layer thickness and frictional resistance.

5. Flow similarity, dimensionless numbers/2

Determining criteria for geometric, kinematic, and dynamic similarity. Calculating selected dimensionless numbers.

6. Complete and partial similarity – applications/2

Calculations using flow similarity. Utilization of dimensionless numbers. Determining flow similarity.

7. Applications of fluid statics equations/2

Utilizing the fundamental differential equation of hydrostatics to calculate pressure distribution in fluids. Calculations of hydrostatic thrust and buoyancy.

8. First integrals of the Euler equations/2

Calculating flow parameters using the first integrals of the Euler equation – Bernoulli's equation and Lagrange's-Cauchy's integral.

9. Technical applications of the first integrals of the Euler equation/2

Utilization of the Bernoulli's equation in calculating flow parameters using basic measuring devices - Prandtl tubes, Pitot tubes, and Venturi nozzles. Bernoulli's equation in pressure form - static pressure, dynamic pressure, thrust, and total pressure.

10. Laminar and turbulent flows in circular conduits, Bernoulli's equation for real fluids/2

Determining the critical Reynolds number for flows in circular conduits. Utilizing the Bernoulli's equation for real flow.

11. Calculating flows with flow losses/2

Calculating local losses and friction losses during flow.

12. Flows through closed channels, hydraulic calculations in a network of pipeline elements/2

Calculations of flow parameters in a network of conduits.

13. Unsteady flow of fluids, hydraulic shock/2

Calculations of unsteady flows. Calculation of flow parameters during hydraulic shock.

14. Bequation for compressible gas/2

Calculating the influence of medium compressibility on flow parameters.

15. Basic relationships between gas parameters in isentropic flow. Examples of numerical solutions to selected fluid dynamics problems/2

Calculations of flow parameters in isentropic flows. Discussion of results of selected numerical calculation examples.

Laboratories / practical method : implementation of issues in the form of work of research teams implementing the issue of measurement and interpretation of flow phenomena in order to consolidate the knowledge specified by the effects W1, W2, W3 and W4 and master the skills U1, U2, U3.

1. Qualitative research in fluid mechanics/2

Types of research methods in fluid mechanics. Presentation of selected qualitative research methods - visualization of flows. Determination of the trajectory of a fluid element.

2. Determination of critical Reynolds numbers/2.

Experimental determination of the boundary between laminar and turbulent flow - critical Reynolds number for flows in pipelines with circular cross-section.

3. turbulence coefficient of free stream/2

Determination of the critical Reynolds number for external flow and the turbulence coefficient of the stream.

4. measurement of the parameters of the boundary layer/2

Determination of the velocity distribution in the near-wall layer.

5. determination of the pressure resistance coefficient of the circular profile/2

Determination of pressure and total resistance coefficient. Determination of differences in resistance for well and poorly streamlined bodies.

6. Measuring velocity with a Prandtl tube/2

Using the Prandtl tube to measure the velocity of a stream

7. characterization of the Venturi tube/2

Determination of the correction coefficient of the Venturi venturi.

8. determination of friction loss coefficients and lo-cal loss coefficients/2

Determination of frictional losses and local losses in a hydraulic system.

Literatura:

Basic:

 Chlebny B., Sobieraj W., Wrzesień S.: Mechanika płynów, WAT, Warszawa 2003, (S-58951).

 Gołębiewski C., Łuczywek E., Walicki E.: Zbiór zadań z mechaniki płynów, PWN, Warszawa 1975, (36910).

 Gryboś R.: Zbiór zadań z technicznej mechaniki płynów, 2002; (58593/Hd.31).

 Kaczmarczyk J., Matuszkiewicz J.: Poradnik do ćwiczeń laboratoryjnych z mechaniki płynów, WAT, Warszawa 1970, (S-29592).

Supporting:

 Prosnak W.J.: Mechanika płynów, Tom I, PWN, Warszawa 1972, (32220).

 Wrzesień S.: Materiały własne Zakładu Aerodynamiki i Termodynamiki

Efekty uczenia się:

Symbol and No. of the subject effect / learning effect / reference to the direction effect

W1/ has knowledge of mathematics, including the problems of differential and integral calculus of functions of many variables, elements of ordinary and partial differential equations, necessary for the description of state and motion of fluids, description and analysis of basic physical phenomena in flows and flows /K_W01

W2/ has a structured and theoretically supported knowledge in the field of fluid mechanics in relation to the key issues of aircraft design and operation /K_W08

W3/ has detailed knowledge of aircraft operation, including the knowledge necessary to understand the physical basis of operation of aircraft components, systems, equipment, installations and systems / K_W14

W4/ has advanced knowledge of flow phenomena constituting basic general knowledge of the disciplines of mechanics and mechanical engineering and operation / K_W19

U1/ is able to acquire information from literature, databases and other sources, is able to integrate obtained information, interpret it, as well as draw conclusions and formulate and justify opinions / K_U01W1

U2/ is able to analytically determine the basic parameters of aircraft elements, systems, equipment, installations and systems / K_U07

U3/ is able to solve technical tasks in the area of preliminary design or conceptual design of aircraft system, design of aircraft installation with the use of basic and specific principles of me-fluid mechanics / K_U11

Metody i kryteria oceniania:

The subject is passed on the basis of exam results and credits

The laboratory classes are passed on the basis of: a credit with grade

Laboratory exercises are passed on the basis of: credit with grade

 The remote form of examination and credits is acceptable.

 It is permissible to conduct classes using distance learning techniques.

 The exam is conducted orally preceded by written work. Achievement of the learning effect (W1,W2,W3 and W4) is verified on the basis of the assessment of questions containing 3 areas of issues (1- the knowledge necessary to describe the state and motion of a fluid, description and analysis of sub-basic physical phenomena in flows and flows, 2- structured and theoretically underpinned knowledge of fluid mechanics in relation to key structural and ex-operational issues of aircraft, and 3- detailed knowledge in the field of aircraft operation, including the knowledge necessary to understand the physical basis of operation of aircraft components, systems, devices, installations and systems, using the basic principles derived from the equations of fluid mechanics). Each area contains 3 graded levels of knowledge (e.g., correct answers [1-3]a - grade dst; [1-3]a and b - grade db; [1-3] a,b,c - grade bdb). Written work is conducted in a limited time of 2 hours with the possibility of minor guidance or without time constraints (at home with unlimited access to all sources of information). The initial evaluation of the answers is followed by an oral part in which each student explains any errors, inaccuracies or doubts about whether it is acquired knowledge.

 In order to be admitted to the exam, students must obtain positive grades from the auditory exercises and laboratory exercises.

 The pass mark for the audit exercises is based on the grade of the final test and the average of the grades obtained by the student while solving the calculus tasks within the scope of the audit exercises and the tasks assigned for independent solving at home.

 Credit for laboratory exercises is given on the condition that the student participates in all laboratory exercises on the basis of the average of the positive grades for the submitted reports from these exercises, but the student may not be allowed to participate in the exercise in case of ignorance of the issues covering the knowledge of the subject of the given exercise and gross ignorance of the instructions for carrying out the exercise.

 Effects W1, W2, W3,W4 (consolidated during other forms of classes) are checked by a written and oral exam.

 Effects U1, U2 and U3 are checked in the course of answers, performance of tasks during auditory exercises and preparation of reports during laboratory exercises.

Grading criteria

Lectures

The grade of very good 5.0 (bdb) is given to the student who:

1.Has full knowledge of the description of the state and motion of a fluid and full knowledge of the description of the basic physical phenomena in flows and flows describing without error all the cases and variants of equations for the special forms of fluid motion with analysis of the basic physical phenomena of flow (W1, W4) - questions (1.1-1.3) a, b and c, as indicated in the exam questions.

2.Has a fully organized and theoretically supported knowledge in the field of fluid mechanics in relation to the key issues of aircraft design and operation, and flawlessly analyzes possible streamlined cases and the physical effects of such cases in relation to possible design solutions (W2, W4) - questions (2a, 2 b and 2c).

3.Has the detailed knowledge necessary to fully understand the physical basis of the operation of aircraft components, systems, equipment, installations and systems using the basic principles derived from the equations of fluid mechanics (W3) - questions 3a, 3b and 3c.

The grade of good plus 4.5 (db+) is given to a student who:

1.Has full knowledge of the description of the state and motion of a fluid and full knowledge of the description of the basic physical phenomena in flows and vapors, and with minor errors, with a little help or guidance opi-ses all the cases and wa-riants of equations for special forms of fluid motion with analysis of the basic physical phenomena of flow (W1, W4) - questions (1.1-1.3) a, b and c indicated in the exam questions.

2.Has fully organized and theoretically supported knowledge in the field of fluid mechanics in relation to the key issues of aircraft design and operation, and with minor errors, with little help or guidance analyzes possible streamlined cases and the physical effects of such cases in relation to possible design solutions (W2, W4) - questions (2a, 2 b and 2c).

3.Has detailed knowledge (with minor errors, with little help or guidance) to understand the physical basis of the operation of aircraft components, systems, devices, installations and systems, using the basic principles derived from the equations of fluid mechanics (W3) - questions 3a, 3b and 3c.

The grade of good 4.0 (db) is awarded to the student who

1.Has full knowledge of the description of the state and motion of fluids and full knowledge of the description of the basic physical phenomena in flows and vapors, describing without error all the cases and variants of equations for special forms of fluid motion with analysis of the basic physical phenomena of flow (W1, W4) - questions (1.1-1.3) a and b.

3.Has fully organized and theoretically supported knowledge in the field of fluid mechanics in relation to the key issues of aircraft design and operation, and unerringly analyzes the possible streamlined cases and physical effects of such cases in relation to possible design solutions (W2, W4) - questions (2a) and (2b).

3.Has the detailed knowledge necessary to understand the physical basis of operation of aircraft components, systems, equipment, installations and systems, using the basic principles derived from the equations of fluid mechanics (W3) - questions 3a and 3b.

The grade of sufficient plus 3.5 (dst+) is given to a student who:

.1 Has full knowledge of the description of the state and motion of a fluid and full knowledge of the description of the basic physical phenomena in flows and vapors and with minor errors, with a little help or guidance opi-ses all the cases and wa-riants of equations for special forms of fluid motion indicated in the exam questions with analysis of the basic physical phenomena of flow (W1, W4) - questions (1.1-1.3) a, b and c.2 .Has full knowledge of the description of the basic physical phenomena in flows and flows and analyzes the basic physical phenomena in flows and flows with little help and guidance (W1,W4) - questions (2a and 2b).

2.Has fully organized and theoretically supported knowledge in the field of fluid mechanics in relation to the key issues of aircraft design and operation and with minor errors, with little help and guidance analyzes possible streamlining cases and the physical effects of such cases in relation to possible design solutions (W2, W4) - questions 2a and 2b.

3. has detailed knowledge (with minor errors, with little help or guidance) to understand the physical basis of operation of aircraft components, systems, equipment, installations and systems, using the basic principles derived from the equations of fluid mechanics (W3) - questions 3a and 3b.

The grade of sufficient 3.0(dst) is given to the student who:

1.Has a full knowledge of the description of the state and motion of fluids and a full knowledge of the description of the basic physical phenomena in flows and vapors describing without error all cases and variants of equations for special forms of fluid motion with analysis of the basic physical phenomena of flow (W1, W4) - questions (1.1-1.3) a.

2.Has fully organized and theoretically supported knowledge in the field of fluid mechanics in relation to the key issues of aircraft design and operation, and unerringly analyzes possible streamlined cases and physical effects of such cases in relation to possible design solutions (W2, W4) - questions 2a.

3.Has the detailed knowledge necessary to understand the physical basis of operation of aircraft components, systems, equipment, installations and systems, using the basic principles derived from the equations of fluid mechanics (W3) - questions 3a.

The grade of insufficient 2.0 (ndst) is given to a student who:

Demonstrates insufficient knowledge of the knowledge defined by the scope of questions 1a, 2.a and 3.a.

Exercises

The grade of very good 5.0 (bdb) is given to a student who:

1.Knows perfectly and is able to interpret and apply special cases of the equations of fluid mechanics (U1) independently and without error.

2.Is able to independently and unerringly in the process of analytical determination of parameters of elements, systems and devices of aircraft installations and systems, apply knowledge from the field of fluid mechanics concerning the physics of flow phenomena at the stage of problem formulation, unerringly and independently determine analytically these parameters and carry out a discussion of the results (U2).

3.Able to independently and correctly identify the technical task in the process of calculation of selected aircraft system and aircraft system design and then independently and unerringly solve it, (U3).

The grade of good plus 4.5 (db+) is given to a student who:

1.Knows very well and is able to interpret and apply in practice special cases of the equations of fluid mechanics (U1) without error and independently.

2.Can in the process of analytical determination of parameters of elements, systems and equipment of aircraft installations and systems independently or only with a little help, unerringly apply knowledge from the field of fluid mechanics concerning the physics of flow phenomena at the stage of problem formulation, unerringly and independently determine analytically these parameters and carry out a discussion of the results (U2).

3.Can independently or with only a little help correctly identify the technical task in the process of calculation of selected systems of the on-board sys-tem and the design of the on-board installation and then independently and unerringly solve it (U3).

The grade of good 4.0 (db) is given to a student who:

1.Knows well and is able to interpret and apply special cases of the equations of fluid mechanics (U1) independently or with minor errors.

2.Can in the process of analytical determination of parameters of elements, systems and devices of aircraft installations and systems independently or only with minor help, unerringly apply the knowledge of the field of fluid mechanics on the physics of flow phenomena at the stage of problem formulation, unerringly or with minor errors independently determine analytically these parameters and carry out a discussion of the results (U2).

3.He can independently or with only minor help correctly identify the technical task in the process of calculation of selected systems of the on-board sys-tem and the design of the on-board installation and then independently or with only minor help solve it without error (U3).

The grade of sufficient plus 3.5 (dst+) is given to a student who:

1.Knows fairly well and is able to interpret and apply in practice special cases of the equations of fluid mechanics (U1) without error or with minor errors alone or with only minor assistance.

2.Can, on the basis of the provided instruction, basic literature on the subject and other sources, correctly or with minor errors independently or with only minor help identify the research problem in preparation for the laboratory exercise and also independently or with only minor help make a correct and reliable evaluation of the obtained results (U1).

3.Can independently or with only a little help correctly or with minor errors identify the technical task in the process of calculation of selected systems of the on-board system and the design of the on-board installation and then independently or with only a little help solve it without errors or with minor errors (U3).

The grade of sufficient 3.0 (dst) is given to a student who:

1.Knows to a sufficient degree and can correctly or with minor errors using occasional help interpret and apply in practice special cases of the equations of fluid mechanics (U1).

2.He can in the process of analytical determination of parameters of elements, systems and devices of aircraft installations and systems using occasional help, correctly or with occasional errors apply the knowledge of fluid mechanics in the field of physics of flow phenomena at the stage of problem formulation, without error or with minor errors independently or only with minor help determine these parameters analytically and carry out, with minor help, a discussion of the results (U2).

3.He is able, using occasional help correctly or with minor errors, to identify the technical task in the process of calculation of selected systems of the on-board system and the design of the on-board installation and then independently or with only minor help unerringly or with minor errors solve it (U3).

The grade of insufficient 2.0 (ndst) is given to the student who:

1.Does not know sufficiently and is not able to interpret and apply in practice special cases of the equations of fluid mechanics (U1) correctly even with minor errors using occasional help.

2.He is not able in the process of analytical determination of parameters of elements, systems and devices of aircraft installations and systems even using occasional help, correctly or with occasional errors to apply the knowledge of the field of fluid mechanics concerning the physics of flow phenomena at the stage of posing the problem, unerringly or with minor errors independently or only with minor help to determine analytically these parameters and carry out, using minor help to discuss the results (U2).

3.He is not able, even with occasional help, correctly or with minor errors, to identify the technical task in the process of calculation of selected systems of the on-board system and the design of the on-board installation and then independently or with only minor help to solve it without error or with minor errors (U3).

Laboratories

he grade of very good ( 5) is given to the student who

1.Is able to correctly and independently interpret the obtained research results, using the knowledge obtained in the course of the subject of fluid mechanics, from the extended literature of the subject and other sources (U1).

2.He is able to correctly and independently identify the research problem in preparation for the laboratory exercise on the basis of the provided instruction, the expanded literature of the subject and other sources, as well as independently make a correct and reliable evaluation of the obtained results (U1).

3.He is perfectly familiar with the principles of operation of the basic measuring instruments for the measurement of flow parameters and is able to independently and unerringly perform calculations of these parameters on the basis of measurement results and interpret the obtained results in terms of application to a specific installation, device system or post-aircraft system (U2).

The grade of good plus (4.5) is given to the student who

1.Can independently or with only a little help correctly interpret the obtained research results, using the knowledge obtained in the course of the subject of fluid mechanics, from the extended pre-subject literature and other sources (U1).

2.He is able, on the basis of the provided instruction, extended pre-subject literature and other sources, to correctly and independently identify the research problem in preparation for the laboratory exercise and also independently or only with a little help to make a correct and reliable assessment of the obtained results (U1).

3.He knows very well the principles of operation of basic measuring instruments used for the measurement of flow parameters and is able to independently and without error perform calculations of these parameters on the basis of measurement results and independently or with only a little help correctly interpret the obtained results in terms of application in a specific installation, equipment system or aircraft system (U2).

The grade of good (4) is given to the student who

1. Can independently or with only minor assistance correctly or with minor errors interpret the obtained research results, using the knowledge obtained in the course of the course of the subject of fluid mechanics, from the basic literature of the subject and other sources (U1).

2. He can, on the basis of the provided instruction, extended literature of the subject and other sources, correctly or with minor errors, self-identify the research problem in preparation for the laboratory exercise and also independently or only with minor assistance, correctly and reliably evaluate the obtained results (U1).

3. Knows well the principles of operation of basic measuring instruments for measuring flow parameters and is able to independently and without error or with minor errors perform calculations of these parameters on the basis of measurement results and independently or with only minor assistance correctly interpret the obtained results in terms of application in a specific installation, device system or aircraft system (U2).

The grade of sufficient plus (3.5) is given to the student who

1.Is able in the process of analytical determination of parameters of elements, systems and devices of aircraft installations and systems independently or with only minor assistance, correctly or with only minor errors apply knowledge from the field of fluid mechanics concerning the physics of flow phenomena at the stage of problem formulation, correctly or with minor errors independently or with only minor errors determine analytically these parameters and conduct a discussion of the results (U2).

2.Can independently or only with minor help correctly or with minor errors interpret the obtained results of research, using the knowledge obtained in the course of the subject of fluid mechanics, from the basic literature of the subject and other sources (U1).

3.Knows fairly well the principles of operation of basic measuring instruments used to measure flow parameters and is able to carry out calculations of these parameters on the basis of the results of measurements independently or with only minor assistance correctly or with minor errors, and independently or with only minor assistance correctly interpret the obtained results in terms of application to a specific installation, device system or aircraft system (U2).

The grade of sufficient (3) is given to the student who

1.Can, with occasional help, correctly or with minor errors interpret the obtained research results, using the knowledge obtained in the course of the subject of fluid mechanics, from the basic literature of the subject and other sources (U1).

2.He is able, on the basis of the provided instruction, basic literature of the subject, correctly or with minor errors independently or only with minor help, to identify the research problem within the preparation for the laboratory exercise, and also using occasional help, to make a correct and reliable assessment of the obtained results (U1).

3.He knows to a sufficient degree the principles of operation of basic measuring instruments used to measure flow parameters and is able, with occasional help, to make calculations of these parameters on the basis of the results of measurements without errors or with minor errors, and with occasional help, correctly interpret the obtained results in terms of application in a specific installation, device system or aircraft system (U2).

The grade of insufficient (2) is given to the student who

1.Is not able, even with the help of assistance, correctly or with minor errors, to interpret the obtained research results, using the knowledge obtained in the course of the subject of fluid mechanics, from the basic literature of the subject and other sources (U1).

2.He is not able, on the basis of the provided instruction, the basic literature of the subject even with minor errors independently or with only a little help

help to identify the research problem in preparation for the laboratory exercise and also using occasional help to make a correct and reliable evaluation of the results obtained (U1).

3.He is not sufficiently familiar with the principles of operation of basic measuring instruments used to measure flow parameters and is able, with occasional help, to make calculations of these parameters on the basis of the results of measurements without errors or with minor errors, and with occasional help, correctly interpret the obtained results for application in a specific installation, device system or aircraft system (U2).

4. did not participate in all laboratory classes or did not receive a passing grade on all laboratory exercise reports.

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2023/2024" (w trakcie)

Okres: 2024-02-26 - 2024-09-30
Wybrany podział planu:
Przejdź do planu
Typ zajęć:
Ćwiczenia, 28 godzin więcej informacji
Laboratorium, 16 godzin więcej informacji
Wykład, 16 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Maciej Majcher
Prowadzący grup: Maciej Majcher
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Przedmiot - Egzamin
Ćwiczenia - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Laboratorium - Zaliczenie na ocenę
Wykład - Egzamin
Opisy przedmiotów w USOS i USOSweb są chronione prawem autorskim.
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna.
ul. gen. Sylwestra Kaliskiego 2, 00-908 Warszawa 46 tel: +48 261 839 000 https://www.wojsko-polskie.pl/wat/ kontakt deklaracja dostępności mapa serwisu USOSweb 7.0.4.0-2 (2024-05-20)